Describing a paper in Nature Communications:
Time in general relativity
One of the counterintuitive predictions of Einstein’s general relativity is that gravity distorts the flow of time. The theory predicts that clocks tick slower near a massive body and tick faster the further they are away from the mass. This effect results in a so-called “twin paradox”: if one twin moves out to live at a higher altitude, he will age faster than the other twin who remains on the ground. This effect has been precisely verified in classical experiments, but not in conjunction with quantum effects, which is the aim of the newly proposed experiment.
Quantum interference and complementarity
The Viennese group of researchers wants to exploit the extraordinary possibility that a single quantum particle can lose the classical property of having a well-defined position, or as phrased in quantum mechanical terms: it can be in a “superposition.” This allows for wave-like effects, called interference, with a single particle. However, if the position of the particle is measured, or even if it can in principle be known, this effect is lost. In other words, it is not possible to observe interference and simultaneously know the position of the particle. Such a connection between information and interference is an example of quantum complementarity — a principle proposed by Niels Bohr. The experimental proposal now published in “Nature Communications” combines this principle with the “twin paradox” of general relativity.
Could be handy to pull this out, if you have to tell the boss you dunno what happened all that time you spent in the park, listening to the birds.