What about bacteria? If personality amounts to observed individual differences in behavior, the answer is yes.
Mammals, birds, and reptiles differ by ability but those that have been studied seem to have individual personalities within the frame of their intelligence. What they don’t have or make little use of is abstract reasoning.
One could simply say, “Evolving more intelligence helped the animal to survive.” The trouble with that explanation is, many free-roaming life forms would probably survive more readily if they were more intelligent. But they do not develop greater intelligence on that account. There must be more to the story.
Don’t blame Eduardo Mercado. In order to deal safely, if not rationally, with the demand that whales be seen to be nearly as smart as people, he is stuck with making these nonsense claims. The probable situation is that whales don’t vary their songs much because they can’t. One might say the same of many birds.
Now, the octopus is a remarkably intelligent animal. But here’s the interesting thing: The octopus is related to some plenty stupid animals. That guy might not have had as much luck with a clam.
Will it become a crime to use words like “catty” or names like “Gordon Gecko”?
Researchers: Adding to the complexity of the nests is the fact that not only do termites build simple ramps to connect floors but they also build spiral ramps, like the ramps in parking garages, to connect multiple floors.
Maybe it’s not the eel, who remains stupid about everything else. It is intelligence in nature. Wallace was right.
We have no reason to believe that the human ability to reason arises from material sources. Maybe ravens are as smart as chimps because reason is not required, in order to be as smart as a chimp.
You are having an experience reading the vital signs. The dog is having quite a different experience living them. You have all of his data and none of his experience. The dog has none of his data and all of his experience. Suppose you took all that data and instantiated it into a robot. Is the robot having your experience or the dog’s? Or neither, actually?
The more we learn about nature, using new technology, the less we KNOW!, in the way we used to.
Yet, despite doing completely different things, the human brain uses the same equipment as the chimpanzee brain. Not a good time to be a shallow naturalist. Maybe a deep naturalist; not a shallow one.
Researchers: F. primaevus’ powerful shoulders and elbows that are similar to today’s living burrowing animals … Furthermore, the animals found were a mixture of multiple mature adults and young adults, suggesting these were truly social groups as opposed to just parents raising their young.
Contrary to what psychologists had supposed, the ability to seek meaning is built in, not taught.
Michael Denton: “No one who has observed a leucocyte (a white blood cell) purposefully—one might even say single-mindedly—chasing after a bacterium in a blood smear would disagree.”