Good news Haeckel lovers and everyone else who is fascinated by morbid 19th century charlatans. We all know Ernst Haeckel’s ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny/ embryonic recapitulation/doctored drawings. But one of his lesser known contributions to literature is a book called The History of Creation (this is the short title; the long title is set forth below), in which he divides people up into different species. The book was on most NazisÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ Ã¢â‚¬Å“must readÃ¢â‚¬Â list. Dr. David C. Bossard has graciously scanned in both volumes of the massive work. It is very interesting reading. HereÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s the full title of the book Dr. Bossard has scanned in:
Ernst Haeckel, The History of Creation: Or The Development of the Earth and its Inhabitants by the Action of Natural Causes. A Popular Exposition of the Doctrine of Evolution in General, and of that of Darwin, Goethe, and Lamarck in Particular, Vol. I and II, 6th English ed., First German Publication 1868 (New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1914).
Here are a couple of the most famous (infamous?) passages:
Ã¢â‚¬Å“In order to be convinced of this important result, it is above all things necessary to study and compare the mental life of wild savages and of children. At the lowest stage of human mental development are the Australians, some tribes of the Polynesians, and the Bushmen, Hottentots, and some of the Negro tribes.Ã¢â‚¬Â Vol. II, 362-3.
Ã¢â‚¬Å“The Caucasian, or Mediterranean man (Homo Mediterraneus) has from time immemorial been placed at the head of all races of men, as the most highly developed and perfect . . . This species alone [i.e. Caucasians] (with the exception of the Mongolian) has had an actual history; it alone has attained to that degree of civilization which seems to raise man above the rest of nature.Ã¢â‚¬Â Vol. II, 321.
HereÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s the cite. Enjoy.