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Claim: Our brains are hardwired for altruism


File:A small cup of coffee.JPG From ScienceDaily:

After exploring the areas of the brain that fuel our empathetic impulses — and temporarily disabling other regions that oppose those impulses — two UCLA neuroscientists are coming down on the optimistic side of human nature.

“Our altruism may be more hard-wired than previously thought,” said Leonardo Christov-Moore, a postdoctoral fellow at UCLA’s Semel Institute of Neuroscience and Human Behavior.

The findings, reported in two recent studies, also point to a possible way to make people behave in less selfish and more altruistic ways, said senior author Marco Iacoboni, a UCLA psychiatry professor.

“This is potentially groundbreaking,” he said. (Abstract, paywall) More.

Presumably, citizens would be force-fed AltrientsTM instead of nutrients.
Patchy Ausstechformen
Otherwise, it’s hard to think of a thesis more generally disproven by normally functioning human nature. Only a few people need bother with efforts to be more selfish.

The main question is why are people compassionate when they in fact are?

By the way, whatever happened to Marc Hauser and Evilicious?

See also: Neuroscience News: Are humans hardwired for transgressions?

Betrayals helped humans spread

An evolutionary challenge: explaining away compassion, philanthropy, and self-sacrifice

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Abstract Humans seem to place a positive reward value on prosocial behavior. Evidence suggests that this prosocial inclination is driven by our reflexive tendency to share in the observed sensations, emotions and behavior of others, or “self-other resonance”. In this study, we examine how neural correlates of self-other resonance relate to prosocial decision-making. Subjects performed two tasks while undergoing fMRI: observation of a human hand pierced by a needle, and observation and imitation of emotional facial expressions. Outside the scanner, subjects played the Dictator Game with players of low or high income (represented by neutral-expression headshots). Subjects’ offers in the Dictator Game were correlated with activity in neural systems associated with self-other resonance and anticorrelated with activity in systems implicated in the control of pain, affect, and imitation. Functional connectivity between areas involved in self-other resonance and top-down control was negatively correlated with subjects’ offers. This study suggests that the interaction between self-other resonance and top-down control processes are an important component of prosocial inclinations towards others, even when biological stimuli associated with self-other resonance are limited. These findings support a view of prosocial decision-making grounded in embodied cognition. Hum Brain Mapp 37:1544-1558, 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
It fits the "schema" driven model/theory! This again: https://uncommondesc.wpengine.com/intelligent-design/pigeons-computers-and-picasso/#comment-600806 GaryGaulin
Were humans altruistic by nature, then how can one explain the socioeconomic failure of the socialist societies that were allegedly struggling to reach the 'higher' phase known as 'communism' where everyone contributes to society according to their abilities and everyone receives according to their needs? Why weren't they able to create the new 'altruistic' person? Dionisio

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