“It is CSI that enables Maxwell’s demon to outsmart a thermodynamic system tending toward thermal equilibrium” (Intelligent Design, pag. 159) HT: niwrad
For those wanting to understand Maxwell’s demon, here is a great video!
How does this apply to No Free Lunch? In my essay “simplified illustration of no free lunch“, I describe how a Darwinist could get a free lunch if the Darwinian mechanism could create necessary information out of thin air. Instead of the free energy that Maxwell’s demon could supposedly make, I invited a Darwinist to show he could get free information with his Darwinian demon, and thus a free lunch worth $100 from me. Of course, he failed. 🙂
The problem for Darwinism, like Maxwell’s demon, is the inaccessibility of the information from the environment. In the case of Maxwell’s demon, the problem is that more energy is needed to power the demon than the demon can create for itself. It’s like a perpetual motion machine or lifting yourself from your bootstraps. It won’t happen.
In the case of Darwinism, more information is needed in the selective environment than the Darwinian mechanism can create for itself. Unless the information is already in the environment, Darwin’s demon will also fail to create the information it needs to build a complex biological system.
The “simplified illustration of no free lunch” was a first step for understanding this problem, but it seemed to go over the head of UDs resident evolutionary biologists even when it was pointed out repeatedly the problem of protein evolution is analogous to solving complex passwords, and hence Darwin’s demon, like Maxwell’s demon, cannot succeed unless it has the necessary information to begin with.