Further to “Cosmologist Sean Carroll would retire falsifiability as a science idea. Philosopher Massimo Pigliucci defends it,” a new book that may be worth a look is Farewell to Reality: How Modern Physics Has Betrayed the Search for Scientific Truth by science writer Jim Baggott. From a starred review:
When a prominent theorist acknowledges how many spatial geometries superstring theory allows—“More numerous than grains of sand on a beach. Every beach”—Baggott sees not conceptual fertility but scientific failure. After all, theorists cannot identify any of the absurdly numerous geometries they contemplate as superior to others as a description of reality. Unfortunately, Baggott finds that some theory-mad physicists simply do not care about reality—or about the scientific method as a way of discovering it. Baggott’s own commitment to empirical reality pervades his overview of six principles foundational to the orthodox science behind the accepted model of the universe.
“Simply do not care about reality,” you say? Yes. We’ve noticed that too. In fact, we are surprised that science didn’t file first. Such longsuffering, honestly.
See also: Multiverse cosmology: Assuming that evidence still matters, what does it say?
In search of a road to reality