If so, it’s remarkable outcome for genome mapping:
So it has been dawning on us is that there is no prior plan or blueprint for development: Instructions are created on the hoof, far more intelligently than is possible from dumb DNA. That is why today’s molecular biologists are reporting “cognitive resources” in cells; “bio-information intelligence”; “cell intelligence”; “metabolic memory”; and “cell knowledge”—all terms appearing in recent literature.1,2 “Do cells think?” is the title of a 2007 paper in the journal Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences.3 On the other hand the assumed developmental “program” coded in a genotype has never been described.
It is such discoveries that are turning our ideas of genetic causation inside out. We have traditionally thought of cell contents as servants to the DNA instructions. But, as the British biologist Denis Noble insists, “The modern synthesis has got causality in biology wrong … DNA on its own does absolutely nothing until activated by the rest of the system … DNA is not a cause in an active sense. I think it is better described as a passive data base which is used by the organism to enable it to make the proteins that it requires.” …
Increasingly, we are finding that, in complex evolved traits—like human minds—there is little prediction from DNA variation through development to individual differences. The genes are crucial, of course, but nearly all genetic variations are dealt with in the way you can vary your journey from A to B: by constructing alternative routes. “Multiple alternative pathways … are the rule rather than the exception,” reported a paper in the journal BioSystems in 2007…
Genes now utilized in the development of our arms and legs, first appeared in organisms that have neither. Genes used in fruit flies for gonad development are now used in the development of human brains. And most genes are used in several different tissues for different purposes at the same time. KEN RICHARDSON, “It’s the End of the Gene As We Know It” at Nautilus
Does anybody here remember the 99% chimpanzee? So what? Maybe even he isn’t 99% chimpanzee… not the way they thought, anyhow…
Oh, and anyone also recall the gene for how you vote? Stay tuned.
See also: New Find Sheds Light On How And When DNA Replicates
Mitochondrial DNA From Dad Might Affect Claims About “Mitochondrial Eve,” Says Biologist
Ann Gauger on stacking the deck against Eve.
Rewrite the Textbooks (Again), Origin of Mitochondria Blown Up
Researchers: Mechanism may exist in all animals for filtering out mitochondrial DNA mutations
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