At Access Research Network, David Tyler reviews John Lennox’s God and Stephen Hawking: Whose Design Is It Anyway?:
Hawking presents the multiverse as the “scientific” explanation of cosmic fine tuning. Instead of reinforcing the “old idea that this grand design is the work of some grand designer”, he declares that the answer of modern science is that “our universe seems to be one of many, each with different laws”. This approach replaces a special, designed universe with an almost infinite spectrum of universes, in one of which we live. To claim that this is the answer of “modern science” fails to acknowledge that there are many cosmologists who reject multiverse thinking. It also pretends that a theory that is devoid of experimental validation can be labelled “science”.
“What is very interesting in all of this is the impression being given to readers of The Grand Design that God is somehow rendered unnecessary by science. Yet when one examines the arguments one can see that the intellectual cost of doing so is impossibly high, since it involves an attempt to get rid of the Creator by conferring creatorial powers on something that is not in itself capable of doing any creating – an abstract theory.” (p.52)
Numerous other issues are helpfully addressed by Lennox, but the last to be considered here is rationality. Science is a rational activity, as is also philosophy and theology. Lennox finds a link between all three disciplines:
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