This post deals with the work of four scientists: Paul Bach-y-Rita, Martin Heisenberg, Mriganka Sur, and Toshiyuki Nakagaki.
“Another strategy that the desperate Darwinist might adopt would be to posit selection for an entirely general capacity for intelligent, goal-directed plasticity.
That is certainly a more promising way to go. However, such a strategy would still be tantamount to admitting defeat.
Why? Because it would be to acknowledge the existence of a fundamental, inherent, and quite general biological principle of what we might call “adaptivity.”
Why would that matter? Because the main task of Darwinian theory is to “reduce” teleology and normativity to mechanism.
Therefore, as soon as the Darwinist admits the reality of a general capacity for adaptivity extending throughout all of the living world, he has already given away the whole ballgame.”