World’s best known and best loved irrational number

Here’s a brief publicity bio:

pi is known to be irrational (Lambert 1761; Legendre 1794; Hermite 1873; Nagell 1951; Niven 1956; Struik 1969; Königsberger 1990; Schröder 1993; Stevens 1999; Borwein and Bailey 2003, pp. 139-140). In 1794, Legendre also proved that pi^2 is irrational (Wells 1986, p. 76). pi is also transcendental (Lindemann 1882). An immediate consequence of Lindemann’s proof of the transcendence of pi also proved that the geometric problem of antiquity known as circle squaring is impossible. A simplified, but still difficult, version of Lindemann’s proof is given by Klein (1955).

and a million digits of pi

The only checkout counter mag scandal associated with pi’s career was the huge scene in a restaurant last year, with the square root of minus one – overheard by at least dozen witnesses:

Square Root: Get rational!

Pi: Get *real!*

It was then the pi got thrown.

Pi also starred in the Carl Sagan novel *Contact*, which was made into the film:

There, see, we got a film in too, nitey nite.

Being abstract, mathematics can get away with being irrational. You know, like abstract artists. For your average Joe during a traffic stop, however, not so much…. 😀

Is this tent big enough for a Tauist? 🙂

Then, there’s that signature equation discovered by Euler:

1 + e^ (i*pi) = 0

This joins the major operations of Math, with the five most pivotal numbers, all in the eqn voted the most beautiful gem of all.

If ever you wanted a signature of Reason Himself at the root of reality, this is it. KF

PS: BA77, have fun, mon!

PPS: Why — and I consciously echo Wigner et al — is Mathematics so uncannily effective in analysing and predicting the behaviour of reality? Could reality have been built on a foundation of Mathematics instantiated as physics? Complete with fine tuning? (BA, swing for 6, but don’t sky de ball, slips is waiting for an edge . . . wid gully and silly mid on and off backing them up [and all of this is Cricket Jargon])

as to this comment:

When it is said that ‘circle squaring is impossible’ they basically are saying that the number pi is truly infinite in length, not finite.

Having pi being proved to be transcendent and infinite is another insurmountable problem for naturalists/materialists since the universe is found to structured upon the geometric principles of pi:

For instance, the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation (CMBR) is found to be a circular sphere:

It should be noted that the roundness for the universe found in the CMBR data was predicted in the Bible centuries before it was discovered by modern science:

It is also important to note how exceptionally round the CMBR is:

From initial entropic considerations, the precision of the initial isotropic (uniform) condition of the ‘sphere of the universe’ really stands out:

As well, corresponding to the transcendent and infinite number of pi (dividing the circumference of a circle by its diameter), the universe is also found to be exceptionally ‘flat’:

And just as with the spherical nature of the CMBR, the flatness of the universe was predicted in the Bible centuries before it was discovered by modern science:

Materialists have tried to ‘explain away’ the highly isotropic nature of the Cosmic Background Radiation, the ’roundness’ of the CMBR, (and the ‘flatness’ of the universe) by postulating inflation in which a quasi infinite number a parallel universes were born in the split second after the big bang thus, I suppose, ‘smoothing out’ the universe, (squaring the circle anyone?),,,

But inflation is found to be a ‘degenerate science program’. Dr. Sheldon, others, and even one of the originators of inflation theory itself, have repeatedly pointed out, the observational evidence we have undermines any claim inflation theory had to being true as to ‘explaining away’ the fine tuning of the CMBR;

In fact inflation, instead of solving the problem of the CMBR, and as a chief proponent of multiverses himself admits, leads to the epistemological failure of science;

Finding the universe to be structure on the transcendent and infinite number of pi gives yet another piece of evidence that omniscient God, who is infinite in knowledge, created the universe:

Here are a couple of other places in the universe where ‘unexpected roundness’ is found:

and this ‘unexpected roundness’ extends to the ‘molecule of life’ i.e. carbon!:

These two place where unexpected roundness is found, i.e. in stars and in the carbon molecule, is truly extraordinary. The delicate balance at which carbon is synthesized in stars is truly a work of art. Fred Hoyle (1915-2001), a famed astrophysicist, is the scientist who established the nucleo-synthesis of heavier elements within stars as mathematically valid in 1946. He is said to have converted from staunch atheism into being a Theist after discovering the precise balance at which carbon is synthesized in stars. Years after Sir Fred discovered the stunning precision with which carbon is synthesized in stars he stated this:

Also of note, Einstein’s birthday was on March 14, 1879, pi day (at least in American notation it is 3-14). And pi is required in Einstein’s General Relativity equation:

pi is also found in the Bible in Genesis 1:1

A materialist objected to pi being found in Genesis 1:1 by say that the number was found by ‘calculating backwards into it’, i.e. by arranging the equation beforehand in such a way as to arrive at the number you want after you perform the calculation. The trouble with his objection is that, using the same exact method of calculation, John 1:1 gives us the natural logarithm e:

Also of note, both pi and e are found in Euler’s Identity:

Music and verse:

OT: Does God Exist? – Debate – Frank Turek vs Dennis Nørmark – video (took place on Thursday in Denmark)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=spnTH9nk0wI

The Tau Manifesto

Phineas, he has a solid point. It is also interesting to note that even though pi has a certain beauty to it when put to music,,,

That Tau (2pi) has a deeper beauty to it when put to music:

Here is a piece of trivia of related interest to the ‘flatness’ of the universe. Although not directly related to the ‘flatness’ of the universe, since the ‘flatness’ of the universe pertains to fact that the space-time surface of the universe exhibits zero curvature, the following finding is none-the-less remarkable:

Of related interest to that, is this:

Of note to the Tau lecture referenced by Phinehas (No, really, pi is wrong: The Tau Manifesto by Michael Hartl), natural log e (which is found in Euler’s identity and in John 1:1) is also found to be necessary for calculating ‘growth’ of r in the ‘golden spiral’ of the Fibonacci number;

This may be of interest to the Tau – pi contraversy. Euler’s formula (the most famous of all formulas), when plotted in 3D, results in a helix!

To try to relate the insurmountable problem faced by materialists in trying to explain the roundness and flatness of the universe without reference to God, it is interesting to note that materialists/Darwinists have very much the same problem in trying to explain the origin of body plans. Dr. Stephen Meyer puts the insurmountable problem for Darwinists like this:

Just how acute this problem is for Darwinists was perhaps best laid out by Stephen L. Talbott in this following article:

i.e. just what is directing all these countless trillions of molecules to cohere into the functional whole of my body? This is not a minor question in the least but it is a question that I have yet to see a Darwinist address in any meaningful way besides the usual hand-waving and ad hominem attack. Moreover, there are now multiple lines of evidence showing that the 3-D structure of a body plan (form) is irreducible to the linear sequences on information in DNA (as is assumed in neo-Darwinism), but is an independent source of ‘epigenetic’ information in its own right:

etc.. etc..

The following experiment gets this ‘irreducible’ point of structural information to digital information across fairly clearly:

i.e. How can the RecA proteins possible reconstruct fragmented DNA? How can the cell possibly ‘know’ the correct sequence if the reductive materialistic model of neo-Darwinism were actually true?

Moreover, epigenetic information has now directly falsified the central dogma of neo-Darwinism as true:

Amazingly many Darwinists act as if none of this evidence has come forth and falsified their position, and they still dogmatically argue that ‘randomly’ accumulating mutations can account for all the complexity we see in life. But alas, they are not even on the right playing field to play the game in the first place with their now falsified reductive materialism model of neo-Darwinism.

The following article comments on a paper that demonstrated the irreducible nature of structural information and digital information:

Not that I am qualified to say, but I would think the Intelligent Design position, besides syntax and semantics being irreducibly complex, as the preceding article indicated, would hold that syntax (i.e. structural dynamics and configuration) is primary over the semantics (i.e. the digital information of the linear genetic code). This is beautifully illustrated in Wiker and Witt’s book ‘A Meaningful World’:

i.e. It is impossible for a part to stand in isolation to a prior and meaningful whole existing beforehand. Pastor Joe Boot puts the insurmountable syntax/semantics problem for reductive materialism this way:

CS Lewis, in his unusually crisp way of putting things, puts the syntax/semantics problem for materialistic atheists like this:

i.e. it is impossible for ‘semantic’ parts to give rise to a meaningful ‘syntax’ whole without a that prior meaningful whole (an architectural plan) giving definition and direction to the parts in the first place!

supplemental quote:

“If information underlies the universe, then meaning underlies the universe. Pass it on.”

Ms. O’Leary (of UD News)

Music and Verse:

As to the relationship of the circle to the human body:

OT: Dr. Stephen Meyer Presents Evidence for Design in the Cosmos, pt. 1 – video

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tQMs2-GqUkA