The Display Register or X Register shows the result after the execution of a Program.
In the Python code, the X Register corresponds to the variable "x".
The Display History shows the values of the Display Register each time the Program encounters the "2nd Pause" key.
The real Calculator would pause for a second while the Emulator keeps track of the X Register.
In the Python code, the Display History is stored in the "regx" list.
The Display Register is editable. Enter a list of numbers separated by spaces to change the Data. Then click elsewhere to see the effect of the change in the Program. Or press the Enter key to run the Program with the new Data. For example, suppose the Data begins with 10 STO 1 20 STO 2 30 STO 3 and you want to replace the first two with 11 STO 1 22 STO 2. You can either edit the program directly or enter 11 22 in the Display Register. This is handy especially with games.
# | History |
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Current. | 0 |
Program Instructions/Keys
# Hi-Lo
# How many guesses will you take to discover a secret number between 0 and 1023?
# Enter a number in the Display Register then press Return.
# The calculator displays +1 if your guess is too large, -1 if too small or 0 if correct!
# Check the History to narrow down the number.
# Source: "TI-57 Making Tracks into Programming.pdf#page=214", p. 11-11
import re
from math import *
from goto import with_goto # pip install goto-statement
@with_goto
def main():
global ee, mem, rounding, stack, unit, x
label .label_rst
# Data Input
# Your guess
x = 0 # 0
mem[2] = x # STO 2 (32 0)
# Data Preprocessing
x = 0 # 0
mem[7] = x # STO 7 (32 0)
x = mem[0] # RCL 0 (33 0)
# Seed != 0?
if x != mem[7]: # INV 2nd x=t (- 66)
goto .label_0 # GTO 0 (51 0)
# Set the seed
x = 0.532256 # 0.532256
mem[0] = x # STO 0 (32 0)
label .label_0 # 2nd Lbl 0 (86 0)
# Data Processing (50 steps)
x = 0 # 0
mem[7] = x # STO 7 (32 0)
x = mem[1] # RCL 1 (33 0)
# No tries yet?
if x == mem[7]: # 2nd x=t (66)
# Generate secret
sbr_1() # SBR 1 (61 0)
# Test the guess
sbr_4() # SBR 4 (61 0)
return # R/S (81)
# Subroutine: Generate the secret number
@with_goto
def sbr_1():
global ee, mem, rounding, stack, unit, x
label .label_1 # 2nd Lbl 1 (86 0)
# i = π + A
x = pi # 2nd pi (30)
stack.append(x) # + (75)
x = mem[0] # RCL 0 (33 0)
y = stack.pop() # = (85)
x = y + x
# A = Fract[i^8]
stack.append(x) # y^x (35)
x = 8 # 8
y = stack.pop() # = (85)
x = pow(y, x)
x = x - int(x) # INV 2nd Int (- 49)
mem[0] = x # STO 0 (32 0)
# R = Int(A X 1023 + 1)
stack.append(x) # X (55)
x = 1023 # 1023
y = stack.pop() # + (75)
x = y * x
stack.append(x)
x = 1 # 1
y = stack.pop() # = (85)
x = y + x
x = int(x) # 2nd Int (49)
# Secret
mem[6] = x # STO 6 (32 0)
label .end # INV SBR (- 61)
# Subroutine: Test the guess
@with_goto
def sbr_4():
global ee, mem, rounding, stack, unit, x
label .label_4 # 2nd Lbl 4 (86 0)
x = mem[6] # RCL 6 (33 0)
mem[7] = x # STO 7 (32 0)
# Increment the tries
x = 1 # 1
mem[1] += x # SUM 1 (34 0)
x = mem[2] # RCL 2 (33 0)
regx.append(fix(x)) # 2nd Pause (36)
# Guess < Secret?
if x < mem[7]: # INV 2nd x>=t (- 76)
# Yes, too low
goto .label_5 # GTO 5 (51 0)
# Guess = Secret?
if x == mem[7]: # 2nd x=t (66)
# Yes, correct
goto .label_7 # GTO 7 (51 0)
# +1, too high
x = 1 # 1
# = (85)
goto .end # INV SBR (- 61)
label .label_5 # 2nd Lbl 5 (86 0)
# -1, too low
x = 1 # 1
x = -x # +/- (84)
# = (85)
#
goto .end # INV SBR (- 61)
# Good guess
label .label_7 # 2nd Lbl 7 (86 0)
# Reset the tries
x = 0 # 0
mem[1] = x # STO 1 (32 0)
label .end # INV SBR (- 61)
# Internal functions
def degrees2dms(degrees):
"""Convert decimal degrees to degrees, minutes, seconds."""
degrees = float(degrees)
is_positive = degrees >= 0
if not is_positive:
degrees = -degrees
minutes, seconds = divmod(degrees * 3600, 60)
degrees, minutes = divmod(minutes, 60)
# Internal mantissa has 11 digits on TI-57
seconds = f"{seconds:016.13f}".replace(".", "")
dms = f"{int(degrees)}.{int(minutes):02}{seconds}".rstrip("0")
if not is_positive:
dms = "-" + dms
return dms
def dms2degrees(dms):
"""Convert degrees, minutes, seconds to decimal degrees."""
match = re.fullmatch(
r"(?P[+-])?(?P[0-9]+)\.?(?P[0-9]{1,2})?(?P[0-9]{1,2})?(?P[0-9]*)",
str(dms),
)
if match is None:
raise Exception(f"Calculator error: invalid DMS angle {dms}")
angle = match.groupdict()
degrees = float(angle["degrees"])
if angle["minutes"]:
if len(angle["minutes"]) == 1:
angle["minutes"] += "0"
degrees += float(angle["minutes"]) / 60
if angle["seconds"]:
if len(angle["seconds"]) == 1:
angle["seconds"] += "0"
degrees += float(angle["seconds"]) / 3600
if angle["remainder"]:
degrees += float("0." + angle["remainder"]) / 3600
if angle["sign"] == "-":
degrees = -degrees
return degrees
def fix(number):
"""Round a number and/or convert it to the scientific notation."""
global ee, rounding
if ee:
# The scientific notation is on
if rounding is None:
# Default to the calculator 7 digit precision
number = f"{number:.7E}"
# Remove trailing 0s
number = re.sub("0+E", "E", number)
else:
# Round as exponent with the given precision
number = f"{number:.{rounding}E}"
elif rounding is not None:
# Rounding is on
number = f"{number:.{rounding}f}"
else:
# No rounding
number = str(number)
return number
def grd2rad(gradian):
"""Convert gradian to radian."""
return (gradian / 200) * pi
def get_calculator_state():
"""Return the calculator sate."""
global ee, error, mem, regx, rounding, stack, unit, x
return {
"ee": ee,
"error": error,
"fixed_x": fix(x),
"mem": mem,
"regx": regx,
"rounding": rounding,
"stack": stack,
"unit": unit,
"x": x,
}
def init_calculator_state(state={}):
"""Initialize the calculator state.
Must be called before running the program, see run().
ee -- Scientific notation (EE)
error -- Syntax error etc.
mem -- Memories (STO)
regx -- History of values displayed before a pause (2nd pause)
rounding -- Number of digit after the decimal point (2nd Fix)
stack -- Internal memory stack used for computing nested operations
unit -- Angle unit (2nd Deg, 2nd Rad, 2nd Grad)
x -- Display register or X register
"""
global ee, error, mem, regx, rounding, stack, unit, x
ee = state["ee"] if "ee" in state else False
error = state["error"] if "error" in state else None
mem = state["mem"] if "mem" in state else [0 for i in range(8)]
regx = state["regx"] if "regx" in state else []
rounding = state["rounding"] if "rounding" in state else None
stack = state["stack"] if "stack" in state else []
unit = state["unit"] if "unit" in state else "Deg"
x = state["x"] if "x" in state else 0
def rad2grd(radian):
"""Convert radian to gradian."""
return (radian / pi) * 200
def rad2unit(number):
"""Convert radian to degree or gradian."""
global unit
number = float(number)
if unit == "Deg":
number = degrees(number)
elif unit == "Grd":
number = rad2grd(number)
return number
def run_program():
"""Run the program (the entry point).
The calculator must be initialized beforehand, see init_calculator_state().
"""
global error, x
try:
main()
except ZeroDivisionError:
x = 9.9999999
except UserWarning: # R/S key
pass
except Exception as e:
error = str(e)
def unit2rad(number):
"""Convert degree or gradian to radian."""
global unit
number = float(number)
if unit == "Deg":
number = radians(number)
elif unit == "Grd":
number = grd2rad(number)
return number
# Program execution, uncomment to run the file on its own.
# init_calculator_state()
# run_program()
# calculator_state = get_calculator_state()
# print(calculator_state)