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BA77’s Off Topic Thread volume 5, Maltose and Isomaltose are such nice looking molecules






This is your chance to talk Off Topic. Keep it civil please.

Cambrian Crustaceans http://www.evolutionnews.org/2014/04/think_about_thi085051.html Dionisio
http://www.cell.com/neuron/abstract/S0896-6273(14)00114-7 Interplay of Cell-Autonomous and Nonautonomous Mechanisms Tailors Synaptic Connectivity of Converging Axons In Vivo Haruhisa Okawa , Luca Della Santina , Gregory W. Schwartz , Fred Rieke , Rachel O.L. Wong DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2014.02.016 Highlights •Activity regulates connectivity of an individual axon cell autonomously •Axonal tiling restricts synaptic compensation by active axons •Presence, but not activity, of major input limits connectivity with minor input •Major input averts synaptogenesis with functionally mismatched axons Summary Neurons receive input from diverse afferents but form stereotypic connections with each axon type to execute their precise functions. Developmental mechanisms that specify the connectivity of individual axons across populations of converging afferents are not well-understood. Here, we untangled the contributions of activity-dependent and independent interactions that regulate the connectivity of afferents providing major and minor input onto a neuron. Individual transmission-deficient retinal bipolar cells (BCs) reduced synapses with retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), but active BCs of the same type sharing the dendrite surprisingly did not compensate for this loss. Genetic ablation of some BC neighbors resulted in increased synaptogenesis by the remaining axons in a transmission-independent manner. Presence, but not transmission, of the major BC input also dissuades wiring with the minor input and with synaptically compatible but functionally mismatched afferents. Cell-autonomous, activity-dependent and nonautonomous, activity-independent mechanisms thus together tailor connectivity of individual axons among converging inner retinal afferents.
Journey to the Center of the Centrosome Tim Stearns Little is understood about how the centrosome, a complex organelle and signaling hub consisting of hundreds of components, is assembled. In this issue of Developmental Cell, Conduit et al. (2014) shed light on this issue, showing that modification and recruitment of Centrosomin to the centrosome center creates a dynamic pericentriolar matrix. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.devcel.2014.03.011 http://www.cell.com/developmental-cell/abstract/S1534-5807%2814%2900163-4
Controlling Fear by Modifying DNA? http://www.biosciencetechnology.com/news/2014/04/controlling-fear-modifying-dna?et_cid=3908817&et_rid=653535995&type=cta Dionisio
Scientists Create Circuit Board Modeled on the Human Brain http://www.biosciencetechnology.com/videos/2014/04/scientists-create-circuit-board-modeled-human-brain?et_cid=3908817&et_rid=653535995&location=top Dionisio
Study IDs Brain Circuit that Drives Daily Rest, Activity Cycles http://www.biosciencetechnology.com/news/2014/04/study-ids-brain-circuit-drives-daily-rest-activity-cycles?et_cid=3905361&et_rid=653535995&type=cta Dionisio
bornagain77 @ 16
Excellent find Dionisio! I don’t recall the ‘more complex’ aspect being pointed out here on UD. I certainly would have stashed it away in my notes had I! :)
Glad to know you liked it too. Have a good weekend. Dionisio
‘Junk’ Genome Regions Linked to Heart Failure http://www.biosciencetechnology.com/news/2014/04/%E2%80%98junk%E2%80%99-genome-regions-linked-heart-failure?et_cid=3905361&et_rid=653535995&type=cta Dionisio
Animusic’s “Pipe Dream” Made Real - video http://makezine.com/2012/02/20/animusics-pipe-dream-made-real/ bornagain77
Excellent find Dionisio! I don't recall the 'more complex' aspect being pointed out here on UD. I certainly would have stashed it away in my notes had I! :)
Half-Billion-Year-Old Heart Found More Complex than Today’s - April 24, 2014 Excerpt: "520 million years ago, the first known animal heart was formed. It was the heart of an ancient shrimp, and quite a heart it was. For it, and its vascular system, have been found to be more complex than that of modern shrimp," http://www.biosciencetechnology.com/articles/2014/04/half-billion-year-old-heart-found-more-complex-today%E2%80%99s?et_cid=3902736&et_rid=653535995&type=cta
Here are a couple of more finds to go along with that that you may enjoy:
‘Mother Lode’ of (Cambrian) Fossils Discovered in Canada – Feb. 11, 2014 Excerpt: Retinas, corneas, neural tissue, guts and even a possible heart and liver were found. http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/mother-lode-of-fossils-discovered-in-canada/ Complex Arthropod Eyes Found in Early Cambrian - June 2011 Excerpt: Complex eyes with modern optics from an unknown arthropod, more complex than trilobite eyes, have been discovered in early Cambrian strata from southern Australia.,,, Here we report exceptionally preserved fossil eyes from the Early Cambrian (~515 million years ago) Emu Bay Shale of South Australia, revealing that some of the earliest arthropods possessed highly advanced compound eyes, each with over 3,000 large ommatidial lenses and a specialized ‘bright zone’. These are the oldest non-biomineralized eyes known in such detail, with preservation quality exceeding that found in the Burgess Shale and Chengjiang deposits. Non-biomineralized eyes of similar complexity are otherwise unknown until about 85 million years later. The arrangement and size of the lenses indicate that these eyes belonged to an active predator that was capable of seeing in low light. The eyes are more complex than those known from contemporaneous trilobites and are as advanced as those of many living forms. They provide further evidence that the Cambrian explosion involved rapid innovation in fine-scale anatomy as well as gross morphology, http://crev.info/content/110629-complex_arthropod_eyes_found_in_early_cambrian
Ok, got something for this OT thread: However, I think there was an OP on this here in UD recently? Half-Billion-Year-Old Heart Found More Complex than Today’s http://www.biosciencetechnology.com/articles/2014/04/half-billion-year-old-heart-found-more-complex-today%E2%80%99s?et_cid=3902736&et_rid=653535995&type=cta Dionisio
To lower the tone a tad - some cracking jokes told by Pope John XXIII: http://www.catholicvote.org/10-great-jokes-told-by-saint-john-xxiii/ Axel
Ocean microbes display remarkable genetic diversity - April 24, 2014 Excerpt: Prochlorococcus, is a photosynthetic bacteria,, forming the base of the marine food chain,, scientists in MIT's Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering (CEE) recently performed a cell-by-cell genomic analysis on a wild population of Prochlorococcus living in a milliliter—less than a quarter teaspoon—of ocean water, and found hundreds of distinct genetic subpopulations.,,, "The sheer enormity of diversity that must be in the octillion Prochlorococcus cells living in the seas is daunting to consider," Chisholm says. "It creates a robust and stable population in the face of environmental instability.",,, "The interesting question is, 'Why does such a diverse set of subpopulations exist?'" Kashtan says. "The huge population size of Prochlorococcus suggests that this remarkable diversity and the way it is organized is not random, but is a masterpiece product of (ahem) natural selection." http://phys.org/news/2014-04-ocean-microbes-remarkable-genetic-diversity.html
And, ignoring the fact that natural selection has never been observed creating a single protein (M.Behe), exactly how did Natural Selection have the foresight to create the 'masterpiece' that forms the stable base of the marine food chain? bornagain77
China on course to become ‘world’s most Christian nation’ within 15 years - 19 Apr 2014 Excerpt: Officially, the People's Republic of China is an atheist country but that is changing fast as many of its 1.3 billion citizens seek meaning and spiritual comfort that neither communism nor capitalism seem to have supplied. Christian congregations in particular have skyrocketed since churches began reopening when Chairman Mao's death in 1976 signalled the end of the Cultural Revolution. Less than four decades later, some believe China is now poised to become not just the world's number one economy but also its most numerous Christian nation. "By my calculations China is destined to become the largest Christian country in the world very soon," said Fenggang Yang, a professor of sociology at Purdue University and author of Religion in China: Survival and Revival under Communist Rule. "It is going to be less than a generation. Not many people are prepared for this dramatic change." China's Protestant community, which had just one million members in 1949, has already overtaken those of countries more commonly associated with an evangelical boom. In 2010 there were more than 58 million Protestants in China compared to 40 million in Brazil and 36 million in South Africa, according to the Pew Research Centre's Forum on Religion and Public Life. Prof Yang, a leading expert on religion in China, believes that number will swell to around 160 million by 2025. That would likely put China ahead even of the United States, which had around 159 million Protestants in 2010 but whose congregations are in decline. By 2030, China's total Christian population, including Catholics, would exceed 247 million, placing it above Mexico, Brazil and the United States as the largest Christian congregation in the world, he predicted. "Mao thought he could eliminate religion. He thought he had accomplished this," Prof Yang said. "It's ironic – they didn't. They actually failed completely." http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/china/10776023/China-on-course-to-become-worlds-most-Christian-nation-within-15-years.html Of note: Chairman MAO: Genocide Master “…Many scholars and commentators have referenced my total of 174,000,000 for the democide (genocide and mass murder) of the last century. I’m now trying to get word out that I’ve had to make a major revision in my total due to two books. I’m now convinced that that Stalin exceeded Hitler in monstrous evil, and Mao beat out Stalin….” http://wadias.in/site/arzan/blog/chairman-mao-genocide-master/ "A story I heard personally from Malcolm Muggeridge (that stirred me then and still does even yet) was his account of a conversation he had with Svetlana Stalin, the daughter of Josef Stalin. She spent some time with Muggeridge in his home in England while they were working together on their BBC production on the life of her father. According to Svetlana, as Stalin lay dying, plagued with terrifying hallucinations, he suddenly sat halfway up in bed, clenched his fist toward the heavens once more, fell back upon his pillow, and was dead." Ravi Zacharias, Can Man Live Without God, (Word Publ., Dallas: 1994), p. 26. The Irrational Atheist: Dissecting the Unholy Trinity of Dawkins, Harris, And Hitchens - pg. 240 Excerpt: “The total body count for the ninety years between 1917 and 2007 is (conservatively) 148 million dead at the bloody hands of fifty-two atheists…..The historical record of collective atheism is thus 182,716 times worse on an annual basis than Christianity’s worst and most infamous misdeed, the Spanish Inquisition.” http://books.google.com/books?id=5kYOcqb06EEC&pg=PA240#v=onepage&q&f=false Verse: Matthew 7:15-19 "Beware of false prophets who come to you in sheep's clothing but inwardly are savage wolves. You will recognize them by their fruits. Are grapes gathered from thornbushes, or figs from thistles? So, every healthy tree bears good fruit, but the diseased tree bears bad fruit. A healthy tree cannot bear bad fruit, nor can a diseased tree bear good fruit. Every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire. Music: Steven Curtis Chapman - God is God (Original Version) - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qz94NQ5HRyk bornagain77
BA77 Volume 4 BA77 Volume 3 BA77 Volume 2 BA77 Volume1 Jaceli123 Volume 1
Wow! That's so cool! Thank you! :) Dionisio
No, BA77's is fine. Now I understand. Thanks. ;-) I admit being OT sometimes, but believe me, I'm trying to learn to keep disciplined and behave correctly ;-) Dionisio
Why “BA77?s”?
Would you prefer I name them after you? :-)
How long ago you had OT thread volumes 1-4? I don’t recall seeing them.
BA77 Volume 4: https://uncommondesc.wpengine.com/off-topic/ba77s-off-topic-thread-volume-4/ BA77 Volume 3: https://uncommondesc.wpengine.com/off-topic/ba77s-off-topic-thread-volume-3-drug-dealers-poker-players-and-mobsters-turning-to-faith/ BA77 Volume 2: https://uncommondesc.wpengine.com/off-topic/ba77s-off-topic-thread-volume-2-were-doing-gods-work/ BA77 Volume1: https://uncommondesc.wpengine.com/off-topic/ba77s-off-topic-thread/ Jaceli123 Volume 1: https://uncommondesc.wpengine.com/off-topic/jaceli123s-off-topic-thread-volume-1/ scordova
I assume my stupid questions are allowed in the OT threads, right? ;-) Is this volume 5 open because volume 4 filled up? Thanks. Dionisio
BA77?s Off Topic Thread volume 5, Maltose and Isomaltose are such nice looking molecules
Why "BA77's"? How long ago you had OT thread volumes 1-4? I don't recall seeing them. Just curious. Thanks. Dionisio
Superconducting qubit array points the way to quantum computers - April 23, 2014 Excerpt: A group of UC Santa Barbara physicists has moved one step closer to making a quantum computer a reality by demonstrating a new level of reliability in a five-qubit array. Their findings appear Thursday in the journal Nature.,,, The unique configuration of the group's array results from the flexibility of geometry at the superconductive level, which allowed the scientists to create cross-shaped qubits they named Xmons. http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/04/140423151033.htm bornagain77
Recent developments in quantum physics prove that the two carbon rings communicate with each other non-locally and determine in non-deterministic fashion their confirmation probabilities: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dQw4w9WgXcQ tragic mishap
His thinking I'm the Biotic Message was very clear and his approach very logical. He carried out the tedious hut valuable task of teasing apart the irritating unfalsifiable just so stories of evolution. I was pleased to see Sanford reference him and his papers in Genetic Entropy and Mendel's accountant is a fitting reminder of his imfluence. His book holds pride of place with me and I have given copies to friends and libraries. I hope he manages to write something else. I would happily donate money to help him do so. Creationsgardener
Does anyone know if and when we can expect another book or DVD of new work?
There are none. Even though in the back of his mind he had a 1000 page book on Haldane's Dilemma. I saw him last summer. Walter was dejected he didn't become more popular than Dr. Dino Kent Hovind after he wrote Biotic Message. I confess, I crawled through the population genetics in Biotic Message. Mendel's Accountant reflects his influence on the creationist community. scordova
[apologies if this is a duplicate message, I was having problems transmitting earlier] Dr. Moran, I'm an MS alum in Applied Physics but I've had only 2 semesters of undergrad general chemistry. I actually don't know how to construct IUPAC names. I started self-studying organic chemistry through the internet a few days ago. These are the molecules. Maltose: a-D-glucopyranosyl-(1->4)-D-glucopyranose Isomaltose: a-D-glucopyranosyl-(1->6)-D-glucopyranose I'm unfamiliar with the correct IUPAC names, but I did recognize the 2 D glucose molecules and then I looked up glucose polymers. I thought at first glycogen for the isomaltose molecule until I found the isomaltose molecule while looking at glucans and dextrans. I didn't understand why there are so many IUPAC names, so I just chose one. Sal scordova
Walter Remine is one of my favourite ID authors. Does anyone know if and when we can expect another book or DVD of new work? Creationsgardener

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