Biology Intelligent Design Physics

“Evolutionary determinism,” universals, and life on Mars

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At Nautilus:

Although it seems like evolutionary determinism, there’s some weight to the idea that cells are constrained to a certain evolutionary path, no matter the environment they appear in. Certainly, the charge-transfer reactions central to metabolism on Earth, more broadly known as reduction/oxidation (redox) reactions, are known to produce electric current even in the absence of biology. Take for example the galvanic cell, invented in the 1700s by Alessandro Volta. The redox reactions central to his invention remain vital to the ubiquitous modern-day battery. What biologists have found since his discovery is that similar redox reactions are at the center of metabolism. Except instead of the charge being derived from metals, nature provides a wide range of different substances that can be eaten and breathed.

Thousands of meters down, bacteria electrify themselves by eating simple geofuels.

All kinds of compounds, everything from hydrogen gas to sulfate—can serve as the terminals of a metabolic circuit. Despite this flexibility, the depth of structural and functional similarity in the ETC across a multitude of life forms suggests only a few degrees of freedom during the system’s evolution. Annette Rowe is head of the Electromicrobiology Laboratory at the University of Cincinnati, where she studies the often unusual ways that organisms power their metabolic circuits. Some of her research has focused on bacteria capable of breathing current carried by electrodes.2 Reached by phone, Rowe points out that while the metabolic systems of two organisms may “have protein architecture that looks really similar, most of them are uniquely derived, evolutionarily speaking.” This means that the same solution to the problem of distributing the electric harvest throughout the cell has appeared over and over again throughout history. The name of that solution? Adenosine triphosphate.

Adenosine triphosphate, ATP for short, is one of those incredible pieces of biology that appears to be universal. There is no exception to the rule that to live is to work, and no exception to the rule that all known cells use electrochemical gradients to do work.

Anastasia Bendebury & Michael Shilo Delay, “Uncovering the Spark of Life” at Nautilus

Biology is beginning to sound more like physics all the time. Laws and all.

2 Replies to ““Evolutionary determinism,” universals, and life on Mars

  1. 1
    AaronS1978 says:

    This article got me thinking about the possibility of trying to clone things using crispr and de-extinction

    Now I have scoured the Internet
    And have found no answer to this

    But is it possible to take a human cell per se Replace the human nucleus with another animal nucleus and turn the human cell into that animal instead

    Another words reprogram one cell to become a totally different cell for another species

    Is that possible

  2. 2
    bornagain77 says:

    As to:

    Uncovering the Spark of Life – JULY 1, 2020
    Excerpt: Rowe points out that while the metabolic systems of two organisms may “have protein architecture that looks really similar, most of them are uniquely derived, evolutionarily speaking.” This means that the same solution to the problem of distributing the electric harvest throughout the cell has appeared over and over again throughout history. The name of that solution? Adenosine triphosphate.,,,
    ATP is a high-energy, spring-loaded molecule that wants, more than anything else, to burst apart. This explosive ability is used by proteins to perform mechanical processes. ATP, like the electron transport chain, appears to have evolved many times over.
    – per Nautilus

    Translation, “Then a miracle occurs” many times over.

    “I think you should be more specific here in step two”
    https://2lffqo2moysixpyb349z0bj6-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/step-two-for-building-a-grid-on-renewable-energy.png

    Or as Bernard d’Abrera put such “Darwinian” reasoning, “For it to happen in a single species once through chance, is mathematically highly improbable. But when it occurs so often, in so many species, and we are expected to apply mathematical probability yet again, then either mathematics is a useless tool, or we are being criminally blind.,,”

    Bernard d’Abrera on Butterfly Mimicry and the Faith of the Evolutionist – October 5, 2011
    Excerpt:  renowned butterfly scholar and photographer Bernard d’Abrera considers the mystery of mimicry.,,,
    For it to happen in a single species once through chance, is mathematically highly improbable. But when it occurs so often, in so many species, and we are expected to apply mathematical probability yet again, then either mathematics is a useless tool, or we are being criminally blind.,,, Evolutionism (with its two eldest daughters, phylogenetics and cladistics) is the only systematic synthesis in the history of the universe that proposes an Effect without a Final Cause. It is a great fraud, and cannot be taken seriously because it outrageously attempts to defend the philosophically indefensible.
    – per evolution news

    In other words, it is, for all intents and purposes, mathematically impossible for ATP to evolve just once. Thus to believe it ‘accidentally’ evolved ‘many times over’ is simply ‘criminally’ insane.

    Moreover, the more we learn about just how complex ATP synthase is, the more insane Darwinian explanations are found to be

    ATP: The Perfect Energy Currency for the Cell – Jerry Bergman, Ph.D.
    Excerpt: In manufacturing terms, the ATP (Synthase) molecule is a machine with a level of organization on the order of a research microscope or a standard television (Darnell, Lodish, and Baltimore, 1996).
    http://www.trueorigin.org/atp.asp

    The ATP Synthase Enzyme – exquisite motor necessary for first life – video
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W3KxU63gcF4

    ATP Synthase, an Energy-Generating Rotary Motor Engine – Jonathan M. – May 15, 2013
    Excerpt: ATP synthase has been described as “a splendid molecular machine,” and “one of the most beautiful” of “all enzymes” .,, “bona fide rotary dynamo machine”,,,
    If such a unique and brilliantly engineered nanomachine bears such a strong resemblance to the engineering of manmade hydroelectric generators, and yet so impressively outperforms the best human technology in terms of speed and efficiency, one is led unsurprisingly to the conclusion that such a machine itself is best explained by intelligent design.
    http://www.evolutionnews.org/2.....72101.html

    Of related note, in terms of energy efficiency, ATP synthase trounces anything man has ever designed.

    Your Motor/Generators Are 100% Efficient – October 2011
    Excerpt: ATP synthase astounds again. The molecular machine that generates almost all the ATP (molecular “energy pellets”) for all life was examined by Japanese scientists for its thermodynamic efficiency. By applying and measuring load on the top part that synthesizes ATP, they were able to determine that one cannot do better at getting work out of a motor,,, The article was edited by noted Harvard expert on the bacterial flagellum, Howard Berg.
    http://crev.info/content/11101.....generators

    What’s quantum physics got to do with biology? – June 2012
    Excerpt: certain bacteria can capture 95% of the light that hits them and turn it into useful energy. Solar panels also convert light from the Sun into energy—but they aren’t nearly as good at it. The very best solar panels ever tested in a lab (i.e., not the ones actually available for sale and installation on your house) were able to convert about 34% of the light that hit them into electricity.,, Why can’t we use the Sun’s energy as effectively as bacteria can? The secret may be that the bacteria are using quantum physics to transmit energy.
    http://boingboing.net/2012/06/.....ology.html

    Also of interest:

    Enzymes Are Essential for Life; Did They Evolve? – Olen R. Brown – August 22, 2018
    Excerpt: “The average male human uses almost 420 pounds of ATP each day … to power his activities… there is less than about 50 grams of ATP in our bodies at any one time; that involves a lot of recycling… each molecule of ATP must be regenerated at least 4,000 time each day.”2 This means that 7 x 10^18 molecules of ATP are generated per second. By way of comparison, there are estimated to be only 100 billion stars (1 x 10^11) in our galaxy, the Milky Way. To efficiently regenerate a molecule of ATP (recharging the cell’s battery) requires a specific enzyme. To create a molecule of ATP is even more complex. The citric acid cycle is only one important part of this process and it has eight enzymes. As the name “cycle” implies, these enzymes must function in sequence. The absence of any one enzyme stops the process. How the interdependent steps of a cycle can originate is left without explanation. Life in Darwin’s hopeful, warm, little pond is dead in the water.,,,
    – Olen R. Brown is Professor Emeritus at the University of Missouri.
    https://evolutionnews.org/2018/08/enzymes-are-essential-for-life-did-they-evolve/

    It is because of such evidence as this that I, like Ernst Chain, ““would rather believe in fairies than to ever believe in such wild speculation of Darwin.”

    Ernst Chain, who was awarded the 1945 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, and is considered to be one of the founders of the field of antibiotics, spoke strongly against Darwin’s theory. He said the theory of evolution was a “very feeble attempt to explain the origin of species based on assumptions so flimsy that it can hardly be called a theory.” He referred to evolution as a “hypothesis based on no evidence and irreconcilable with the facts.” He also said, “These classic evolutionary theories are a gross oversimplification of an immensely complex and intricate mass of facts, and it amazes me that they were swallowed so uncritically and readily, and for such a long time, by so many scientists without a murmur of protest.” Chain concluded that he “would rather believe in fairies than to ever believe in such wild speculation of Darwin.”
    https://biblicalsignsintheheadlines.com/2016/03/21/debunking-evolution-challenging-the-lie-that-challenges-god/

    Verse:

    Nehemiah 9:6
    “You are the Lord, you alone. You have made heaven, the heaven of heavens, with all their host, the earth and all that is on it, the seas and all that is in them; and you preserve all of them; and the host of heaven worships you.

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