There is a live exchange on the molecular nanotech communication systems in the cell that is trying to reduce them to Chemistry; where a chemical reaction is a physical process. Accordingly, I beg to remind one and all regarding layered communication systems and protocols:
This is an elaboration of the general communication system:
Here is how Yockey summarised it:
Where, the standard genetic code [one of about two dozen dialects] reads like:
The double helix:
As was noted by Crick, right from the outset:
Now, we can see for ourselves just how desperate objectors to the design inference must be in the face of the point that D/RNA expresses a string data structure carrying a prong-height-based alphanumeric, 4 state per character code that uses chemical interactions and geometry at physical level. It uses the code to address algorithms for protein synthesis. Thus, strings, codes, algorithms [which are goal directed], so too, language.
All of this is an exceedingly strong sign of intelligent design. END