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Epigenetics?: This has to be the worst headline I’ve read in years

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“Politics can interact with evolution to shape human destiny.”

I mean, considering that the study authors apparently want to talk about something like epigenetics, not industrial strength fascism. 😉

From ScienceDaily:

The researchers said that there is an interaction between political and cultural forces and evolutionary results. Genes can shape culture and political institutions, which in turn can shape biology and physiology, passing on certain traits to future generations.

The environment’s influence on adaptation and how it changes biology is better known and often easier to observe, said Hatemi, but the way culture can affect gene expressions in future generations is often harder to show and may take longer to reveal itself.

Hatemi, who worked with Rose McDermott, the David and Marianna Fisher University Professor of International Relations, Brown University, said this interaction between culture and biology could explain why some troubled hot spots remain troubled over many years. People who are born in aggressive environments may pass on traits that make it more likely that future generations react to certain situations violently, he added.

“These changes, then, may have a long-range effect on children and on who those children become when they grow up,” said Hatemi. “Those who grow up in a violent culture may have more of a tendency to respond with aggression in the future.”

I wrote on something similar last Sunday: Why Canada is less violent than the United States, except sometimes

My point was that when a country’s history doesn’t feature many positive historic changes that involved extensive violence, people will be less likely to see violence as creating a benefit. However, I didn’t argue for a genetic component (unlikely in this case), more for the role of tacit assumptions and learned behaviour.

Although the term “epigenetics” is not used in the story or abstract, that must be the way culture would influence genetics, if it does.

Here’s the abstract:

Biology and culture continually and interactively cocreate. In order to fully understand culture, the biological pathways that co-occur must also be appreciated. And in order to determine how biological influences manifest in social behaviors, culture cannot be discarded. Here we discuss the interaction between genes and culture and show the ways in which each influences and informs the other. We argue that this interaction is profoundly important in shaping a wide variety of political and institutional differences across populations, including critical processes such as cooperation and conflict. We apply a levels-of-analysis approach to the study of individuals, cultures, and populations. In doing so, we discuss the potentially critical role of gene-environment mismatch in precipitating many political and social problems, especially those related to political violence. (paywall)

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16 Replies to “Epigenetics?: This has to be the worst headline I’ve read in years

  1. 1
    Mung says:

    Thank God that in Canada there is a principled way to restrict the number of politicians! Canadians don’t need to depend on evolution to do the right thing.

  2. 2
    jerry says:

    Denyse,

    This has the a similar feel to Nicolas Wade’s book, namely that environment and the political system and culture it spawns affects the gene pool.

    If violence is rewarded with many wives then those who may have genes that led them to violence will pass them along at a greater frequency. Similarly, other types of genes may affect behavior in different ways that might lead them to success or failure in a certain type of society.

    So I am going to disagree with you that the headline is bad let alone the worst that has been generated in recent years.

  3. 3
    anthropic says:

    jerry 2

    When it comes to tendencies toward violence, culture reigns. My ancestors, the Irish, came to America in the 1800s with a well-earned reputation for fighting & violence. Indeed, many employers openly advertised that they would not hire Irishmen, even preferring blacks at a time of blatant racism.

    Yet through the intervention of the Catholic Church, Irish habits of sloth, violence, and insobriety were changed.

    Not their genes. Their culture.

  4. 4
    bornagain77 says:

    It is interesting to note that cultures that were the most violent in history were atheistic, even Darwinian, in their ‘cultural policy’. The unmitigated horror visited upon man, by state sponsored atheism, and even state sponsored Darwinism, would be hard to exaggerate,,, Here’s what happens when Atheists/evolutionists/non-Christians take control of a Government:

    The Irrational Atheist: Dissecting the Unholy Trinity of Dawkins, Harris, And Hitchens – pg. 240
    Excerpt: “There have been 28 countries in world history that can be confirmed to have been ruled by avowed atheists at the helm.,, The total body count for the ninety years between 1917 and 2007 is approximately 148 million dead at the bloody hands of fifty-two atheists…..The historical record of collective atheism is thus 182,716 times worse on an annual basis than Christianity’s worst and most infamous misdeed, the Spanish Inquisition.”
    http://books.google.com/books?.....38;f=false

    “169,202,000 Murdered: Summary and Conclusions [20th Century Democide]
    I BACKGROUND
    2. The New Concept of Democide [Definition of Democide]
    3. Over 133,147,000 Murdered: Pre-Twentieth Century Democide
    II 128,168,000 VICTIMS: THE DEKA-MEGAMURDERERS
    4. 61,911,000 Murdered: The Soviet Gulag State
    5. 35,236,000 Murdered: The Communist Chinese Ant Hill
    6. 20,946,000 Murdered: The Nazi Genocide State
    7. 10,214,000 Murdered: The Depraved Nationalist Regime
    III 19,178,000 VICTIMS: THE LESSER MEGA-MURDERERS
    8. 5,964,000 Murdered: Japan’s Savage Military
    9. 2,035,000 Murdered: The Khmer Rouge Hell State
    10. 1,883,000 Murdered: Turkey’s Genocidal Purges
    11. 1,670,000 Murdered: The Vietnamese War State
    12. 1,585,000 Murdered: Poland’s Ethnic Cleansing
    13. 1,503,000 Murdered: The Pakistani Cutthroat State
    14. 1,072,000 Murdered: Tito’s Slaughterhouse
    IV 4,145,000 VICTIMS: SUSPECTED MEGAMURDERERS
    15. 1,663,000 Murdered? Orwellian North Korea
    16. 1,417,000 Murdered? Barbarous Mexico
    17. 1,066,000 Murdered? Feudal Russia”
    This is, in reality, probably just a drop in the bucket. Who knows how many undocumented murders there were. It also doesn’t count all the millions of abortions from around the world.
    http://www.hawaii.edu/powerkills/NOTE1.HTM

    “A story I heard personally from Malcolm Muggeridge (that stirred me then and still does even yet) was his account of a conversation he had with Svetlana Stalin, the daughter of Josef Stalin. She spent some time with Muggeridge in his home in England while they were working together on their BBC production on the life of her father. According to Svetlana, as Stalin lay dying, plagued with terrifying hallucinations, he suddenly sat halfway up in bed, clenched his fist toward the heavens once more, fell back upon his pillow, and was dead.”
    Ravi Zacharias, Can Man Live Without God, (Word Publ., Dallas: 1994), p. 26.

    Chairman MAO: Genocide Master (Black Book of Communism)
    “…Many scholars and commentators have referenced my total of 174,000,000 for the democide (genocide and mass murder) of the last century. I’m now trying to get word out that I’ve had to make a major revision in my total due to two books. I’m now convinced that that Stalin exceeded Hitler in monstrous evil, and Mao beat out Stalin….”
    http://wadias.in/site/arzan/bl.....de-master/

    The Biology of the Second Reich: Social Darwinism and the Origins of World War 1 – video 14 min. (with Richard Weikart)
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9n900e80R30

    From Darwin To Hitler – Richard Weikart – video
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w_5EwYpLD6A

    How the Nazis mandated and used evolution and Darwin in the textbooks – November 7, 2013
    Excerpt: The authors then asserted that the three main human races – European, Mongolian, and Negro – were subspecies that branched off from a common ancestor about 100,000 years ago. They argued that races evolved through selection and elimination, and the Nordic race became superior because it had to struggle in especially harsh conditions. Throughout this pamphlet the terms “higher evolution,” “struggle for existence,” and selection are core concepts that occur repeatedly.” (p.550) Weikart
    http://www.uncommondescent.com.....textbooks/

    The Role Of Darwinism In Nazi Racial Thought – Richard Weikart – October 2013
    Excerpt: The historical evidence is overwhelming that human evolution was an integral part of Nazi racial ideology.
    http://www.csustan.edu/history.....hought.pdf

    “The law of selection exists in the world, and the stronger and healthier has received from nature the right to live. Woe to anyone who is weak, who does not stand his ground! He may not expect help from anyone.”
    – Adolf Hitler
    http://www.wnd.com/2014/09/cha.....rld-war-i/

    “Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth.”
    – Jesus Christ –

    “for, as we have just seen, the ways of national evolution, both in the past and in the present, are cruel, brutal, ruthless, and without mercy.,,, Meantime let me say that the conclusion I have come to is this: the law of Christ is incompatible with the law of evolution as far as the law of evolution has worked hitherto. Nay, the two laws are at war with each other; the law of Christ can never prevail until the law of evolution is destroyed.”
    Sir Arthur Keith, (1866 — 1955) Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons – Evolution and Ethics (1947) p.15 (Note the year that this was written was shortly after the German ‘master race’ was defeated in World War II)

    The 1831 ‘prophecy’ of Heinrich Heine:
    “Christianity — and that is its greatest merit — has somewhat mitigated that brutal German love of war, but it could not destroy it. Should that subduing talisman, the cross, be shattered the frenzied madness of the ancient warriors, that insane Berserk rage of which Nordic bards have spoken and sung so often, will once more burst into flame. …
    The old stone gods will then rise from long ruins and rub the dust of a thousand years from their eyes, and Thor will leap to life with his giant hammer and smash the Gothic cathedrals. …
    … Do not smile at my advice — the advice of a dreamer who warns you against Kantians, Fichteans, and philosophers of nature. Do not smile at the visionary who anticipates the same revolution in the realm of the visible as has taken place in the spiritual. Thought precedes action as lightning precedes thunder. German thunder … comes rolling somewhat slowly, but … its crash … will be unlike anything before in the history of the world. …
    At that uproar the eagles of the air will drop dead, and lions in farthest Africa will draw in their tails and slink away. … A play will be performed in Germany which will make the French Revolution look like an innocent idyll.” –
    Heinrich Heine – Religion and Philosophy in Germany, 1831

  5. 5
    bornagain77 says:

    It is also interesting to note that people who do not believe in a soul tend to be more psychopathic than people who do believe in a soul. i.e. There are actually studies that show that people who do not believe in a soul are a little bit more anti-social (psychopathic) than people who do believe in a soul:

    Anthony Jack, Why Don’t Psychopaths Believe in Dualism? – video (14:22 minute mark)
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?l.....zOk#t=862s

    That people who not believe in a soul should be found to be more psychopathic than people who do should really not be all that surprising,,,

    The Heretic -Who is Thomas Nagel and why are so many of his fellow academics condemning him? Andrew Ferguson – March 25, 2013 Excerpt: A materialist who lived his life according to his professed convictions—understanding himself to have no moral agency at all, seeing his friends and enemies and family as genetically determined robots—wouldn’t just be a materialist: He’d be a psychopath.
    http://www.weeklystandard.com/.....tml?page=3

    Thus, ignoring the fact that there is no free will in the Darwinian worldview in the first place, if Darwinists really want to choose cultural policies that promote peace and cooperation amonst people then they need to choose policies that folster belief in a soul, not inhibit belief in the soul as they currently do, (at least as they currently do in many of the public schools of America).

    God, Darwin and My College Biology Class – Barash – Sept. 2014
    Excerpt: EVERY year around this time, with the college year starting, I give my students The Talk. It isn’t, as you might expect, about sex, but about evolution and religion, and how they get along. More to the point, how they don’t.
    http://www.nytimes.com/2014/09......html?_r=0

    Dr. Will Provine – EXPELLED – video
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MpJ5dHtmNtU

    It is also interesting to note that, as Dr. Jefferey Schwartz has pointed out, that focused mental attention can change the activity of the brain, i.e. top down brain plasticity.

    Brains On Purpose
    Excerpt: Jeffrey Schwartz – Decades ago, he began to study the philosophy of conscious awareness, the idea that the actions of the mind have an effect on the workings of the brain. Jeff’s breakthrough work in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) provided the hard evidence that the mind can control the brain’s chemistry.
    http://westallen.typepad.com/b.....artz_.html

    Dr. Jeffrey Schwartz’ Four Steps
    http://www.hope4ocd.com/foursteps.php

    Dr. Jeffrey M. Schwartz – Focused Attention Changes Behavior – United Nations Video
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ycnIO4o9vbE

    The Case for the Soul – InspiringPhilosophy – (4:03 minute mark, Brain Plasticity including Schwartz’s work) – Oct. 2014 – video
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oBsI_ay8K70

  6. 6
    bornagain77 says:

    It is also interesting to note that ‘mental states’ can reach all the way down and change gene expression, i.e. can ‘epigenetically’ control the gene expression of our bodies, thus directly contradicting the Darwinian notion that we are merely helpless victims of our genes.

    Networks of Genes Respond to Social Experiences – October 13, 2013
    Excerpt: It is subjective mind and perception that changes genes, not just external situations.
    http://jonlieffmd.com/blog/net.....xperiences

    Genie In Your Genes – video
    http://www.genieinyourgenes.com/ggtrailer.html

    Anxiety May Shorten Your Cell Life – July 12, 2012
    Excerpt: These studies had the advantage of large data sets involving thousands of participants.
    If the correlations remain robust in similar studies, it would indicate that mental states and lifestyle choices can produce epigenetic effects on our genes.
    http://crev.info/2012/07/anxie.....cell-life/

    Upgrade Your Brain
    Excerpt: The Research,,, explains the relationship between thought and belief patterns and the expression of healing- or disease-related genes. “Your body reads your mind,”,,,
    One recent study conducted at Ohio University demonstrates vividly the effect of mental stress on healing. Researchers gave married couples small suction blisters on their skin, after which they were instructed to discuss either a neutral topic or a topic of dispute for half an hour. Researchers then monitored the production of three wound-repair proteins in the subjects’ bodies for the next several weeks, and found that the blisters healed 40 percent slower in those who’d had especially sarcastic, argumentative conversations than those who’d had neutral ones.
    http://experiencelife.com/arti.....our-brain/

    How those marital rows can be bad for your health by JENNY HOPE – December 2005
    Excerpt: Married couples who constantly argue risk damaging their health, according to a study.
    It found that marital rows can prolong the time it takes the body to heal itself after an injury.
    One argument alone can slow this process by a day.
    And the study claims that when married couples feel consistently hostile towards one another, the delay in the healing process can be doubled.
    http://www.dailymail.co.uk/hea.....ealth.html

    Negative Thoughts Linked to Physical Health Issues – Dr. Caroline Leaf – (Part 1 of 3) – video
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UYgr1rTEf_w

    Whereas conversely, it is found that the positive mental state of happiness, love, caring, and nurturing, have a pronounced positive effect on health,,

    Is mindfulness meditation good medicine? – August 18, 2014
    Excerpt: In a 2010 meta-analysis (quantitative review), psychologist Stefan Hofmann of Boston University and his colleagues examined studies that tested both forms of mindfulness meditation as a remedy for anxiety disorders and depression. They found that the meditation sessions led to significant improvements in both conditions immediately after therapy, as well as approximately three months later,,
    a 2013 meta-analysis partly backs up the 2010 assessment. In that review, psychologist Bassam Khoury, then at the University of Montreal, and his colleagues found that both types of mindfulness-based therapies were effective for depression and anxiety disorders,
    http://www.uncommondescent.com.....-medicine/

    Scientists Finally Show How Your Thoughts Can Cause Specific Molecular Changes To Your Genes, – December 10, 2013
    Excerpt: “To the best of our knowledge, this is the first paper that shows rapid alterations in gene expression within subjects associated with mindfulness meditation practice,” says study author Richard J. Davidson, founder of the Center for Investigating Healthy Minds and the William James and Vilas Professor of Psychology and Psychiatry at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.
    “Most interestingly, the changes were observed in genes that are the current targets of anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs,” says Perla Kaliman, first author of the article and a researcher at the Institute of Biomedical Research of Barcelona, Spain (IIBB-CSIC-IDIBAPS), where the molecular analyses were conducted.,,,
    the researchers say, there was no difference in the tested genes between the two groups of people at the start of the study. The observed effects were seen only in the meditators following mindfulness practice. In addition, several other DNA-modifying genes showed no differences between groups, suggesting that the mindfulness practice specifically affected certain regulatory pathways.
    http://www.tunedbody.com/scien.....ges-genes/

    The health benefits of happiness – Mark Easton – 2006
    Excerpt: “It’s not just that if you’re physically well you’re likely to be happy but actually the opposite way round,” said Dr Cox.
    (Extensive studies show that) “If you are happy you are (much more) likely in the future to have less in the way of physical illness than those who are unhappy”.
    http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/pro.....924180.stm

    Proverbs 17:22
    A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones.

  7. 7
    bornagain77 says:

    Moreover, besides happiness, giving and recieving love has been shown to have a pronounced beneficial effect on health,,,

    ABC News – The Science Behind the Healing Power of Love – video
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6t1p-PwGgE4

    Social isolation and its health implications January 2012
    Excerpt: Studies show that social isolation and/or loneliness predict morbidity and mortality from cancer, cardiovascular disease, and a host of other diseases. In fact, the body perceives loneliness as a threat. Research from the University of California suggests that loneliness or lack of social support could triple the odds of being diagnosed with a heart condition. Redford Williams and his colleagues at Duke University directed a study in 1992 on heart patients and their relationships. They discovered that 50% of patients with heart disease who did not have a spouse or someone to confide in died within five years, while only 17% of those who did have a confidante died in the same time period.12
    http://www.how-to-be-healthy.o.....lications/

    Moreover, the positive effect of a caring attitude is found to work both ways, in that not only does the person receiving loving care from another person heal more quickly, but it is also found that people of a happy, charitable, loving, nature also receive the tangible benefits of a longer and healthier life in return:

    Study finds it actually is better (and healthier) to give than to receive – February 4, 2013
    Excerpt: A five-year study by researchers at three universities has established that providing tangible assistance to others protects our health and lengthens our lives.
    http://medicalxpress.com/news/.....thier.html

    Perhaps this beneficial effect of giving and recieving love on health goes a long way towards explaining why women, who, IMHO, are generally more loving and caring in providing tangible assistance to others than men are, live on average five to 10 years longer than men do.
    Of course from a Theistic perspective this beneficial effect of love is to be expected, whereas from a materialistic perspective, well to put it mildly, from a materialistic perspective of survival of the fittest, dog eat dog, it is very counter intuitive that love would be so beneficial:

    Verse and music:

    1 Corinthians 13:1-8
    If I speak in human and angelic tongues but do not have love, I am a resounding gong or a clashing cymbal. And if I have the gift of prophecy and comprehend all mysteries and all knowledge; if I have all faith so as to move mountains but do not have love, I am nothing. If I give away everything I own, and if I hand my body over so that I may boast but do not have love, I gain nothing. Love is patient, love is kind. It is not jealous, [love] is not pompous, it is not inflated, it is not rude, it does not seek its own interests, it is not quick-tempered, it does not brood over injury, it does not rejoice over wrongdoing but rejoices with the truth. It bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things. Love never fails.,,,

    Forgiveness – Matthew West
    http://myktis.com/songs/forgiveness/

    supplemental note:

    The Healing Power of Positive Words By Linda Wasmer Andrews – Jun 08, 2012
    Excerpt: When researchers analyzed the autobiographies of famous deceased psychologists, they found that those who used lots of active positive words (such as lively, enthusiastic, happy) tended to outlive their other colleagues.
    Within this category of words, the biggest boost came from humor-related terms (such as laugh, funny, giggle), which were associated with living six years longer, on average. In contrast, passive positive words (such as peaceful, calm, relaxed) and negative words (such as worried, angry, lonely) didn’t affect longevity.
    http://health.yahoo.net/expert.....tive-words

    Verse and music:

    John 15:13
    Greater love has no one than this: to lay down one’s life for one’s friends.

    For King & Country “The Proof Of Your Love” – Live Music
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pr9YVD05x8M

  8. 8
    jerry says:

    When it comes to tendencies toward violence, culture reigns. My ancestors, the Irish, came to America in the 1800s with a well-earned reputation for fighting & violence. Indeed, many employers openly advertised that they would not hire Irishmen, even preferring blacks at a time of blatant racism.

    Yet through the intervention of the Catholic Church, Irish habits of sloth, violence, and insobriety were changed.

    Not their genes. Their culture.

    My great great great father came here because of the famine. I only found out some of my origins recently due to genealogy sites such as 23andme and ancestry.

    I am also aware of the horrors some families live through because of genetic influences. Depression runs in one side of my family and this is a genetic disorder. It affects behavior in lots of ways. Autism is a genetic disorder and I have a niece who is autistic and will struggle to make her way in the world.

    I think you should read the Wade book. I have and watched people who have not read it reflexively trash it. It really does not say too much but is mostly speculative but there are a couple areas where there is apparently more than speculative results. One is violence. In certain areas of the world and at certain times in history, violence was selected for and rewarded with the ability to procreate.

    The Irish were the subjects of a harsh occupation by the British and their reactions were most likely the result of this occupation. Once the Scandinavians were some of the more brutish marauders in the world and now they are held up for their docility. Maybe they exported the most brutish as they became known as the Normans and some of the best fighters in the world in France and Italy and many ended up in Ireland and England.

    So in terms of violence and other tendencies, some times it may be the environment but it also for some is probably genetic.

  9. 9
    phoodoo says:

    BA,

    I agree with you that materialists don’t have an adequate explanation of how changing our thoughts can physically change our brains. If we are manifestations of the chemicals in our brains, what is changing the chemicals? What is making the decision as to how we are going to change those chemicals.

    Likewise it has been shown that schizophrenics can cure their own schizophrenia by deciding how they think. So their brain has a problem with thinking, so they use their brain to change their brain. And who exactly is the one deciding to change it.

  10. 10
    phoodoo says:

    AND, likewise the converse also has to be true. Our own brains can decide to use thought that destroys our brain.

    Did Darwinian evolution cause this?

  11. 11
    bornagain77 says:

    to re-emphasize: Although biology can have pronounced effect on urges, it is important to, once again, stress that we are not merely helpless victims of our genes. For one thing, it has been impossible to tie human behavior to specific genes. i.e. gay gene, alcoholism gene, God gene, I like ice cream gene,,

    You are your genes? Oh, maybe not – Jonathan Wells Quote:
    “Except for some rare pathological conditions, it has been impossible to tie human behavior to specific genes. (The “gay gene” that was much hyped a few years ago turned out to be a mirage.) If human behavior cannot be reduced to genetics, then according to neo-Darwinism it cannot be biologically inherited; if it cannot be biologically inherited, then it cannot evolve in a Darwinian sense.”
    http://www.uncommondescent.com...../#comments

    videos – Extended Interviews with 29 former homosexuals who at one time felt they were ‘trapped’ in their homosexuality, i.e. ‘born that way’
    http://suchweresomeofyou.org/

    Second Thoughts About a Gene for Alcoholism
    In fact a majority of children of alcoholics do not become alcoholic themselves, for whatever reason. No epidemiologic study has ever found that as many as half of such children develop a drinking problem of their own, and most research places the figure at 25 percent or less.
    http://www.peele.net/lib/atlcgene.html

    The reason that behavior cannot be reduced to genes, or a specific gene, is quite obvious, the genetic reductionism model is grossly overly simplistic in terms of explaining behavior and personality, as even comedian John Cleese humorously realizes,

    John Cleese – The Scientists – 2008 – video
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=-M-vnmejwXo#t=19

    In fact, the genetic reductionism model, i.e. “DNA makes RNA makes protein makes us”, is now known to be wrong,,

    podcast – Dr. Jonathan Wells: Biology’s Quiet Revolution – September 17, 2014
    http://www.discovery.org/multi.....evolution/
    On this episode of ID the Future, Dr. Jonathan Wells discusses a popular claim, which he describes as “DNA makes RNA makes protein makes us”—or, every organism contains a program for itself in its DNA. Though this view fits neatly with the perspective of Darwinian evolution, it has been shown to be incorrect at every step. Listen in as Dr. Wells explains.

    In fact, due to the overlapping complexity of single genes in generating multiple protein products, ENCODE has called for a redefinition of the entire concept of a gene.

    Landscape of transcription in human cells – Sept. 6, 2012
    Excerpt: Here we report evidence that three-quarters of the human genome is capable of being transcribed, as well as observations about the range and levels of expression, localization, processing fates, regulatory regions and modifications of almost all currently annotated and thousands of previously unannotated RNAs. These observations, taken together, prompt a redefinition of the concept of a gene.,,,
    Isoform expression by a gene does not follow a minimalistic expression strategy, resulting in a tendency for genes to express many isoforms simultaneously, with a plateau at about 10–12 expressed isoforms per gene per cell line.
    http://www.nature.com/nature/j.....11233.html

    The Extreme Complexity Of Genes – Dr. Raymond G. Bohlin – video
    https://vimeo.com/106012299

    Thus the genetic reductionism model for behavior is simply overly simplistic

    Moreover, to reiterate, mental states, i.e. thoughts of the ‘mind’, can have a pronounced effect gene expression and brain plasticity:

    Is mindfulness meditation good medicine? – August 18, 2014
    Excerpt: In a 2010 meta-analysis (quantitative review), psychologist Stefan Hofmann of Boston University and his colleagues examined studies that tested both forms of mindfulness meditation as a remedy for anxiety disorders and depression. They found that the meditation sessions led to significant improvements in both conditions immediately after therapy, as well as approximately three months later,,
    a 2013 meta-analysis partly backs up the 2010 assessment. In that review, psychologist Bassam Khoury, then at the University of Montreal, and his colleagues found that both types of mindfulness-based therapies were effective for depression and anxiety disorders,
    http://www.uncommondescent.com.....-medicine/

    The Case for the Soul – InspiringPhilosophy – (4:03 minute mark, Brain Plasticity including Schwartz’s work) – Oct. 2014 – video
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oBsI_ay8K70

    Thus, whilst biology certainly can contribute to our urges, and I wouldn’t argue otherwise, (we obviously all do get hungry don’t we?), I argue that science has advanced to the point of conclusively proving that we are not merely helpless victims of our genes, as is help in the neo-Darwinian view of things, and that our souls/minds can overcome negative urges that are harmful to us.

  12. 12
    bornagain77 says:

    Of supplemental note to autistic people,,,

    In the following videos, although the girl in the videos was written off as hopelessly retarded by everyone who saw her, reveal that there was/is indeed a gentle intelligence, a “me”, a “soul’, within the girl that was/is trapped within her body. And that that “me” was/is unable to express herself properly to others because of her neurological disorder.

    Severely Handicapped Girl Suddenly Expresses Intelligence At Age 11 – very moving video
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vNZVV4Ciccg

    Carly’s Café – Experience Autism Through Carly’s Eyes – video
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KmDGvquzn2k

    Autistic Savants have another surprise for us,,,telepathy!!!
    Dr. Diane Powell Finds Telepathy Among Autistic Savant Children – Posted on Oct 28, 2014
    Excerpt: ,,,the second therapist independently had a similar experience where she made a mistake and the girl repeated her mistake. Then she saw this often enough that she said, ‘Hey, it’s like you’re reading my mind.’ Then she had the thought, ‘How do you say I love you in German?’ And the girl typed out the German for ‘I love you’ – ich liebe dich.
    Alex Tsakiris: Oh my gosh.
    Diane Powell: So this created the opportunity to go and test her with two independent therapists. And the results, if people go to my website and they want to read the abstract, you will see that the results are astounding. I mean, there is this one period where I have over four hours of experimental footage with her. And there was a period of about ten minutes of where she gave – out of 162 random numbers, and I was generating these with a random number generator, out of 162, she only made 7 errors. And each one of those she corrected on the second try.,,,
    http://www.skeptiko.com/257-di.....-children/
    podcast interview:
    http://www.skeptiko.com/upload.....powell.mp3
    Evidence of Telepathy in a Nonverbal Autistic Child – Diane Hennacy Powell
    http://dianehennacypowell.com/.....tic-child/

  13. 13
    bornagain77 says:

    Liberal or conservative? Reactions to disgust are a dead giveaway – Oct 29, 2014
    Excerpt: Maggot infestations, rotting carcasses, unidentifiable gunk in the kitchen sink – how much your brain responds to disgusting images could predict whether you are liberal or conservative.,,,
    In a brain scanner, participants were shown disgusting images, such as dirty toilets or mutilated carcasses, mixed with neutral and pleasant images, such as landscapes and babies.,,,
    Conservatives tend to have more magnified responses to disgusting images, but scientists don’t know exactly why, Montague said.,,,
    http://phys.org/news/2014-10-l.....eaway.html

    Hmmm, why am I not surprised?

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    bornagain77 says:

    A map of the entire human metabolic pathway – interactive map (high resolution)
    http://www.cc.gatech.edu/~turk.....thways.png

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