Uncommon Descent Serving The Intelligent Design Community

ChatGPT agrees with the Factory maker argument

Me: The odds to have even one very short gene with functional information are beyond what chance could produce, right ?ChatGTP:  Yes, that is correct. The probability of even a short functional gene arising by chance is extremely low. This is due to the immense complexity and specificity of the genetic code, as well as the precise arrangement of nucleotides required for proper gene function. The odds of even a small section of DNA randomly achieving the necessary sequence to encode a functional protein are astronomically low, making it highly unlikely that the genetic code and the information it contains arose purely by chance. Me: So it is more likely, that such information is due to the action of an intelligent agent, right Read More ›

Asking ChatGPT about the origin of the Genetic code

Asking ChatGPT about the origin of the Genetic code https://reasonandscience.catsboard.com/t2363p25-the-genetic-code-insurmountable-problem-for-non-intelligent-origin#9820 It is interesting to see, how ChatGTP is trained to give answers that support naturalistic views, and even claim philosophical answers to be scientific, while they are not, and characterizing Intelligent Design as religious and philosophical answers.  Here, for example, it makes demonstrably false claims: “It is not accurate to say that the genetic code cannot be the product of natural selection. Rather, it is widely considered to be the result of natural selection and evolution”.Then, when called out, it insists: There is a significant body of evidence that supports the conclusion that the genetic code has evolved through natural selection.Then, he commits two errors at the same time: It is Read More ›

God of the gaps. Really ?

The arguments for God’s existence are based on positive evidence and logical inferences. Not gaps of knowledge. God of the gaps and incredulity, a justified refutation of ID arguments? https://reasonandscience.catsboard.com/t1983-gaps-god-of-the-gaps-and-incredulitya-justified-refutation-of-id-arguments 125 reasons to believe in God https://reasonandscience.catsboard.com/t1276-125-reasons-to-believe-in-god There is no evidence of Gods existence. Really? 1. The universe and biological systems appear designed. Therefore, most likely, they were designed. 2. The universe is like a wind-up clock, winding down as if at one point it was fully wound up and has been winding down ever since. That means, it had a beginning, therefore a cause. 3. Laws and rules of mathematics and physics are imprinted in the universe, which obeys them. The fundamental physical constants, the universe, and the earth Read More ›

Integrated complexity, instantiated to achieve a specific  function is  always caused and implemented by an  intelligent mind

Integrated complexity, instantiated to achieve a specific  function is  always caused and implemented by an  intelligent mind Complexity, in special when implemented to achieve a specific purpose, has always only been observed to be the product of a mind. The more complex, the more evidence of design. In ID, complexity is more defined, when we talk about specified, and irreducible complexity. We see it in every living cell, combined. DNA hosts specified complexity, or in words, that can be better comprehended,  instructional assembly information.  EVERY protein, which is the product of the information stored in DNA, is irreducibly complex. In order to perform its basic function, it must have a minimal size. Unless it has it, no deal, no function. Read More ›

The Death Knell for Life from an RNA world

The RNA world hypothesis, to be true, has to overcome  major hurdles: https://reasonandscience.catsboard.com/t2024-the-rna-world-and-the-origins-of-life#3414 1. Life uses only right-handed RNA and DNA. The homochirality problem is unsolved. This is an “intractable problem” for chemical evolution2. RNA has been called a “prebiotic chemist’s nightmare” because of its combination of large size, carbohydrate building blocks, bonds that are thermodynamically unstable in water, and overall intrinsic instability. Many bonds in RNA are thermodynamically unstable with respect to hydrolysis in water, creating a “water problem”. Finally, some bonds in RNA appear to be “impossible” to form under any conditions considered plausible for early Earth.   In chemistry, when free energy is applied to organic matter without Darwinian evolution, the matter devolves to become more and more “asphaltic”, Read More ›

Evolution or Intelligent design: On which side is the evidence?

Socrates, Unepierre, Wilson, Paley, Darwin, Huxley, Spencer: Each side making its case: Where does the scientific evidence lead? Towards Intelligent design, or naturalistic evolution to explain our existence? Where Do Complex Organisms Come From? https://reasonandscience.catsboard.com/t2316-evolution-where-do-complex-organisms-come-from Common descent, the tree of life, a failed hypothesis https://reasonandscience.catsboard.com/t2239-evolution-common-descent-the-tree-of-life-a-failed-hypothesis How to recognize the signature of (past) intelligent action https://reasonandscience.catsboard.com/t2805-how-to-recognize-the-signature-of-past-intelligent-action Paley’s watchmaker argument https://reasonandscience.catsboard.com/t2608-paley-s-watchmaker-argument Has Paley’s Watchmaker argument been debunked? https://reasonandscience.catsboard.com/t2860-has-paley-s-watchmaker-argument-been-debunked Syllogisms about irreducible complexity https://reasonandscience.catsboard.com/t1468-irreducible-complexity-the-existence-of-irreducible-interdependent-structures-in-biology-is-an-undeniable-fact#8349

Quotes about Infinity, Superstition, God, Intelligent Design

Marcus Tullius Cicero,  wrote the most prominent Roman treatise to advance the argument from intelligent design in: The Nature of the Gods (written in 45 BCE), where i wrote: When you follow from afar the course of a ship, upon the sea, you do not question that its movement is guided by a skilled intelligence. When you see a sundial or a water clock, you see that it tells the time by design and not by chance. How then can you imagine that the universe as a whole is devoid of purpose and intelligence? … Our opponents however profess to be in doubt whether the universe.. .came into being by accident or by necessity or is the product of a Read More ›

Aquinas, Ockham, and Descartes about God. A free adaptation of their main arguments

Video made with Artificial Intelligence. Descartes:By ‘God’, I understand, a substance which is infinite, independent, supremely intelligent, supremely powerful, and which created both myself and everything else […] that exists.“I could not possibly be of such a nature as I am, and yet have in my mind the idea of a God, if God did not in reality exist.” I have concluded the evident existence of God, and that my existence depends entirely on God in all the moments of my life, that I do not think that the human spirit may know anything with greater evidence and certitude. Thomas Aquinas’ Unmoved Mover https://reasonandscience.catsboard.com/t3170-aquinas-first-mover-five-ways-argument The cosmological argument for God’s existence https://reasonandscience.catsboard.com/t1333-kalaam-the-cosmological-argument-for-gods-existence The universe cannot be past eternal https://reasonandscience.catsboard.com/t1333-kalaam-the-kalaam-cosmological-argument#5124 The cause Read More ›

About the fine-tuning of the Solar system: By Isaac Newton

Who are the scientists of the rank of Isaac Newton today, professing God as Newton did at his time? The universe, our galaxy, our solar system, and the Earth–Moon double planet system demonstrate clearly some remarkable evidence of highly intelligent design. If we consider them separately, each characteristic appears to be highly improbable due to random chance. When taken all of them together, the probability of random chance becomes as small as to be impossible. An alternative thought, designed by an intelligent creator is a more realistic explanation to many civilized people. Either way, we must admit that we are nothing but a product of a miracle—either a miracle of chance or a miracle of design. Isaac Newton https://reasonandscience.catsboard.com/t1939-isaac-newton Fine Read More ›

Bringing famous scientists back to life and listening to them talking about God and science

Bringing famous scientists back to life and  listening to them talking about God and science For Louis Pasteur, I used free invented text ( see below). The others are 1:1 quotes I am Louis Pasteur, French chemist and microbiologist renowned for my discoveries of the principles of vaccination, microbial fermentation, and pasteurization, the latter of which was named after me.  The American Chemical Society polled experts some time ago to identify the most beautiful experiment in the history of chemistry, they responded by giving the highest ranking to my separation of mirror-image molecular forms of tartaric acid, conducted just a year after I gained my doctorate at the Ecole Normale in Paris, in 1845. My experiments paved the way to Read More ›

Elaborated Tunnel Architectures in Enzyme Systems point to a designed setup

Elaborated Tunnel Architectures in Enzyme Systems point to a designed setup https://reasonandscience.catsboard.com/t2062-proteins-how-they-provide-striking-evidence-of-design#9672 RNA and DNA belong to the four basic building blocks of life. They are complex macromolecules made of three constituents: the base, the backbone, which is the ribose five-carbon sugar, and phosphate, the moiety which permits DNA polymerization and catenation of monomers, to become polymers. The nucleobases are divided into pyrimidine and purines. These bases must be made in complex biosynthesis pathways in the cell, requiring several molecular machines, and enzymes, that perform the gradual, stepwise operations to yield the nucleobases, which, in the end, are handed over for further processing. Pyrimidines, one of the two classes, require 7 enzymes, of which Carbamoyl phosphate synthase II is the first in Read More ›

An updated ( but not exhaustive) list of how to detect intelligent design

How to recognize the signature of (past) intelligent action https://reasonandscience.catsboard.com/t2805-how-to-recognize-the-signature-of-past-intelligent-action Claim: Herbert Spencer:  “Those who cavalierly reject the Theory of Evolution, as not adequately supported by facts, seem quite to forget that their own theory is supported by no facts at all.” Reply: Contrasting and comparing “intended” versus “accidental” arrangements leads us to the notion of design. We have extensive experience-based knowledge of the kinds of strategies and systems that designing minds devise to solve various kinds of functional problems. We also know a lot about the kinds of phenomena that various natural causes produce. For this reason, we can observe the natural world, and living systems, and make informed inferences based on the unraveled and discovered evidence.  A physical system is Read More ›

Review: J. W. Thornton (2022): Simple mechanisms for the evolution of protein complexity

Review: J. W. Thornton (2022): Simple mechanisms for the evolution of protein complexity https://reasonandscience.catsboard.com/t2706-main-topics-on-proteins-and-protein-synthesis#9622 Proteins are tiny models of biological complexity: specific interactions among their many amino acids cause proteins to fold into elaborate structures, assemble with other proteins into higher-order complexes, and change their functions and structures upon binding other molecules.  Comment: Merriam-Webster describes the word “elaborate” as: “planned or carried out with great care, to produce by labor,Synonyms: Adjective: complex, complicated, detailed, fancy, intricate, involved, sophisticated Its hard to overlook the teleological aspect of the word. We can all agree that proteins are well-described as elaborate: Nucleopores for example have been described recently as “a massive complex of roughly 1,000 proteins that helps channel DNA instructions to the rest of the cell” 12 These complex Read More ›

Extreme genome repair, and remarkable morphogenesis by self-assembly point to design

Extreme genome repair, and remarkable morphogenesis by self-assembly point to design https://reasonandscience.catsboard.com/t2061p275-my-articles#9626 Extreme Genome Repair (2009): If its naming had followed, rather than preceded, molecular analyses of its DNA, the extremophile bacterium Deinococcus radiodurans might have been called Lazarus. After shattering of its 3.2 Mb genome into 20–30 kb pieces by desiccation or a high dose of ionizing radiation, D. radioduransmiraculously reassembles its genome such that only 3 hr later fully reconstituted nonrearranged chromosomes are present, and the cells carry on, alive as normal 1 T. Devitt (2014): John R. Battista, a professor of biological sciences at Louisiana State University, showed that E. coli could evolve to resist ionizing radiation by exposing cultures of the bacterium to the highly radioactive isotope cobalt-60. “We blasted the Read More ›